家安全
电 is important because it powers everything from simple household appliances to state-of-the-art, 救生设备. 在356体育, 安全是头等大事, 我们努力为我们的员工和公众创造一个安全的环境. 安全的关键是合理用电.

Be aware of your surroundings and take the proper precautions anytime you plan to work with or around electric power. 无论是在工作还是在玩耍,我们鼓励您和您的家人在任何时候都保持安全.

电气安全


  • 不要用太多的电器或电线使插座过载.
  • 更换松动的插头,因为它会过热并引发火灾.
  • 如果插头插不进去,千万不要强行插进去.
  • 完全插入插头,确保没有部分的尖头暴露.
  • 不要用绳子拿或拖任何东西.
  • 拔掉电器插头时要拔插头,不要拔电线.
  • 永远不要切断插头的第三个插脚. 第三根针是接地线,用来防止或减少冲击. 相反,把旧的两脚插座换成三脚插座.
  • 教孩子不要把东西插进电源插座.
  • 更换缺失或破损的墙板盖板.
  • Check to see if your outlets, especially those within 6 feet of water, have GFCIs installed. A GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) is an inexpensive electrical device designed to protect you from serious or fatal shock. 它能感应到接地故障, 或者电流泄漏, 并立即切断电路的电源. 20世纪70年代中期以后建造的大多数房屋都有gfci, but check around your house and if you do not have GFCIs on your circuit breaker or outlets, 有合格的电工来安装吗. 点击消费者产品安全委员会或保险商实验室公司. 以了解三种类型的gfci及测试方法.
  • 每月对gfci进行一次测试,以确保其正常工作. gfci也应在安装后和雷暴后进行测试.
  • 保持电源线和延长线清洁,防止绝缘老化, 这样会暴露裸露的电线. 将延长线存放在阴凉干燥的地方,远离化学品. 户外储存时, 悬挂电线,以避免昆虫或害虫咬掉保护绝缘.
  • 确保电线完好无损. 电线磨损或破裂是一种电气危险. 立即处理并使用新的电线.
  • Do not place cords in walkways or let them hang from countertops or tabletops where they can be tripped over or pulled down.
  • 不要在地毯或地毯下跑电线. 电线过热会引起火灾.
  • 不要把家具或重物放在绳子上.
  • 不要用钉子或钉子把绳子钉在地板或墙上.
  • 延长线只能临时使用,不能永久使用.
  • 确保使用正确的延长线. 延长线的额定功率是根据其能提供的功率而定的.
  • 确保所有的电线都经过国家认可的测试实验室的认可, 如保险商实验室(UL)或ETL- semko (ETL).
  • 拔掉电脑等电子设备的插头, 电视, DVD播放器, 如果你在雷雨天气时在家,还有录像机. 这将在发生电涌时保护设备.
  • Install a surge arrestor at the fuse box or breaker panel to protect your entire home in case of a power surge, 或者在敏感的电子设备如计算机上使用浪涌抑制器, 电视, DVD播放器, 录象机, 还有传真机. Power surges are quick spikes of power that can travel through power lines and cause permanent damage to these home appliances. 浪涌不仅是由闪电引起的, 正如我们大多数人所想的那样, 还有空调等电器, 加热器, 真空吸尘器可以打开或关闭,也可以从倒下的电线杆上打开. 在某些情况下,远程雷击会引起电涌.
  • Make sure your suppressor has been tested and approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, such as Underwriters Laboratory (UL) or ETL-SEMKO (ETL) or is labeled- UL Listed Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor.
  • 不要依赖电涌抑制器来保护你的家免受雷击的伤害. 电涌抑制器不能保护你的家或你家的线路免受直接袭击.
  • 不要用太多的电气设备使电源线或浪涌抑制器过载.
  • 家庭照明
  • 阅读所有照明装置上制造商的安全说明.
  • Use the correct wattage bulbs; a bulb with a higher wattage can overheat and become a fire hazard.
  • 确保灯泡正确固定在灯具中. 一个松动的灯泡可能过热而着火.
  • 卤素落地灯, 也叫火炬, 会变得非常热,有潜在的火灾危险吗. 保持灯远离窗帘、地毯、床上用品和其他家具. 寻找使用更凉爽、更高效的荧光灯的灯.


  • 阅读所有照明装置上制造商的安全说明.
  • Use the correct wattage bulbs; a bulb with a higher wattage can overheat and become a fire hazard.
  • 确保灯泡正确固定在灯具中. 一个松动的灯泡可能过热而着火.
  • 卤素落地灯, 也叫火炬, 会变得非常热,有潜在的火灾危险吗. 保持灯远离窗帘、地毯、床上用品和其他家具. 寻找使用更凉爽、更高效的荧光灯的灯.


  • 保持电器清洁. 污垢、灰尘和棉绒是可燃的,可能会使器具使用不安全.
  • 在水槽或浴缸附近使用电器时要小心. 如果你的手是湿的,或者你站在湿地板上, 你有触电的危险.
  • Never try to pick up an appliance that has fallen into water unless you are absolutely certain it is unplugged.
  • 不使用小型电器时,拔下插头, 包括熨斗, 卷发或拉直的熨斗, 吹风机, 剃须刀, 电热毯, 咖啡机, 搅拌机, 和烤面包机.
  • 在清洗电器之前,一定要拔掉插头.
  • Teach children not to poke things into toasters or other appliances and to never place anything metal inside the microwave.
  • Never use an appliance with a damaged or worn cord; always check for exposed wire before use.
  • 永远不要开着加热垫睡觉.
  • Check to see that all of your electric appliances and power tools are approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, 要经常阅读制造商的使用说明书,以获得正确的使用指南. A poorly designed or manufactured appliance or device could be defective and lead to electric shock or cause a fire.
  • 确保灶台的燃烧器, 烤箱, 烤箱, 当你离开家时,其他厨房电器也会关闭.
  • 大多数便携式空间电加热器需要大量的电力来运行. 建议您始终将加热器直接插入插座. 如果绝对有必要使用延长线, 电源线的额定尺寸必须与所使用的电暖器相匹配.
  • 将便携式取暖器放置在水平面上, 这样它们就不会翻倒, 让暖气离窗帘至少三英尺远, 地毯, 家具, 以及任何其他可燃物质或液体.
  • Check to see that your heater is approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory to ensure it meets safety standards.
  • 使用在加热元件周围有保护装置的加热器.
  • Make sure portable space 加热器 are turned off when you go to sleep and anytime you leave your home.
  • Don’t touch a portable heater if you are wet, and do not place wet clothes on it to dry.
  • 把便携式取暖器放在走道之外,让孩子们够不着.
  • 在家里的每一层都安装足够数量的烟雾探测器. 适当的维护, 包括每月测试一次探测器,每年更换一次电池, 是正确操作的关键吗. 同样重要的是,你的家人有一个计划的逃生路线,以防发生火灾.
  • For overall safety, have a licensed electrician inspect your home’s wiring, circuits, and appliances.


  • 现在就采取预防措施,为万一发生严重风暴而停电做好准备.
  • 如果你家里有人靠电来维持生命, have an alternative source of power readily available or make plans to move to another location.
  • 手边要有备用光源,方便取用. 如果使用手电筒,请保持备用电池. If using candles or kerosene/oil lamps, make sure you have extra oil to keep them running.
  • Keep a battery-powered radio with fresh batteries handy so you’ll be able to tune in to local news for weather reports and updates.
  • Unplug sensitive electronic devices such as computers, 电视, 录象机, DVD播放器, and stereos. Another option is to connect surge protectors to your devices to help avoid damage from a power surge.
  • 关掉所有自动启动的主要电器或设备, so there’s not an overload on your home’s electrical system when the power comes back on. 留下一盏灯,这样你就知道什么时候有电了.
  • Turn off the oven and stove if you plan to leave the house to avoid a fire if the power returns while you’re gone.
  • Keep the refrigerator and freezer closed as much as possible to preserve the cold food longer.
  • If you plan to use a portable standby generator, refer to the 备用发电机 safety tips.


  • 永远不要将发电机直接连接到家里的电线或常规电源插座上. A portable electric generator directly connected to your home’s wiring can “backfeed” onto the power lines connected to your home, 对任何接触它们的人来说都是致命的, 包括修理线路的工人. 如果线路工人正在修理停电的原因, 即使是在很远的地方, 通过线路的电压突然升高会造成严重的伤害甚至死亡.
  • A properly sized transfer switch should be installed to prevent the possibility of generator ‘back feed’ on to the power lines.
  • 购买前计划好. Have a licensed electrician find out what type of power output you would need for a generator to run the appliances in your home.
  • 如果你现在有一台发电机, 使用前检查输出额定值,以确保它能满足您的电力需求.
  • 在使用发电机之前,请务必阅读制造商的安全说明.
  • 确保发电机正确接地.
  • 切勿在家中、车库或任何其他封闭区域使用便携式发电机. A generator releases toxic carbon monoxide gas into the air, which is extremely dangerous. Place a generator in a dry, well-ventilated, outdoor area and keep it sheltered from rain and snow.
  • 将电器直接插入发电机, 或者用重型的, outdoor-rated extension cord that is rated in watts or amps equal to or greater than the sum of the connected appliance loads.
  • 不要使发电机过载. A portable generator should be used only when necessary and only to power essential equipment or appliances. 过载会损坏你的电器和发电机.
  • 确保发电机燃料的安全储存, 放在有适当标签的容器中,并远离燃料燃烧器具.
  • 总是关闭发电机,让它冷却后再加油.
  • 在关闭发电机之前,请先关掉所有由发电机供电的电器.
  • 任何时候都要让儿童远离便携式发电机.


孩子们好奇,不了解电的危险. 如果你家里有婴儿或小孩, please take precautions to prevent an electricity-related accident and start teaching them how to stay safe around electricity. 上面列出的家庭安全提示对教你的孩子很重要. 下面,我们为您提供了一些额外的提示,以确保您孩子的安全.

室内:
  • 教育孩子不要让电源插座过载.
  • Make sure extension cords have safety closures to help prevent children from shock hazards.
  • Make sure cords do not dangle from the counter or tabletop where children can pull them down or trip over them.
  • 教育孩子们水和电不能混在一起!
  • 不要对儿童使用电热毯.
  • 从家中取出损坏或磨损的电线.
  • 拔掉孩子们可能会玩的小电器的插头.
  • 把电子设备放在孩子够不着的地方.
户外:
  • 让孩子远离设备和电动工具,如割草机, weed-eaters, 树篱修剪机, 锯, 演习, 和刀片. A child does not understand how dangerous these devices can be and numerous youngsters suffer serious injuries from power equipment each year.
  • Teach kids to never fly kites or model airplanes around power lines or to climb utility poles or trees near power lines. 如果树枝碰到电线,孩子就会触电.
  • 教导孩子不要在变电站附近玩耍.
  • 告诉孩子们远离倒下的电线,并向成年人寻求帮助.
  • 教孩子们不要在雷雨天出去玩.
  • 教导孩子不要用水扑灭电气火灾.

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